Hepatolithiasis is the presence of bile duct stones within the intrahepatic bile ducts, specifically proximal to the confluence of the right and left hepatic ducts.
Hepatolithiasis is common in Asia and the Pacific, with a prevalence of ~40%. It is rare in the West with a prevalence of ~1% 1.
- recurrent pyogenic cholangitis
- low phospholipid-associated cholelithiasis (LPAC) syndrome
- malnutrition 2,3
- 1. Sakpal SV, Babel N, Chamberlain RS. Surgical management of hepatolithiasis. HPB (Oxford). 2009;11 (3): 194-202. doi:10.1111/j.1477-2574.2009.00046.x - Free text at pubmed - Pubmed citation
- 2. Adam A, Dixon AK, Gillard JH et-al. Grainger & Allison's Diagnostic Radiology. Churchill Livingstone. ISBN:B00K8G3JYK. Read it at Google Books - Find it at Amazon
- 3. Emergency Radiology. Elsevier Health Sciences. (2009) ISBN:0323076696. Read it at Google Books - Find it at Amazon