Nodes of Rouviere are named retropharyngeal lymph nodes. The singular term "node of Rouviere" refers to the most superior of the lateral group of retropharyngeal lymph nodes 1, while the plural "nodes of Rouviere" has also been used more generally to refer to the entire lateral group 2,3. The difference in terminology is usually immaterial as groups of multiple ipsilateral retropharyngeal nodes are uncommonly seen in adults 4.
History and etymology
Henri Rouvière (1876–1952) was an anatomy professor from Le Bleymard in France. His seminal work, "Anatomy of the Human Lymphatic System', documented the lymph nodes of the human body and their associated drainage regions 5.
- 1. Wakisaka M, Mori H, Fuwa N, Matsumoto A. MR analysis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma: correlation of the pattern of tumor extent at the primary site with the distribution of metastasized cervical lymph nodes. Preliminary results. (2000) European radiology. 10 (6): 970-7. doi:10.1007/s003300051047 - Pubmed
- 2. Gross ND, Ellingson TW, Wax MK, Cohen JI, Andersen PE. Impact of retropharyngeal lymph node metastasis in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. (2004) Archives of otolaryngology--head & neck surgery. 130 (2): 169-73. doi:10.1001/archotol.130.2.169 - Pubmed
- 3. Amatsu M, Mohri M, Kinishi M. Significance of retropharyngeal node dissection at radical surgery for carcinoma of the hypopharynx and cervical esophagus. (2001) The Laryngoscope. 111 (6): 1099-103. doi:10.1097/00005537-200106000-00031 - Pubmed
- 4. Zhang GY, Liu LZ, Wei WH, Deng YM, Li YZ, Liu XW. Radiologic criteria of retropharyngeal lymph node metastasis in nasopharyngeal carcinoma treated with radiation therapy. (2010) Radiology. 255 (2): 605-12. doi:10.1148/radiol.10090289 - Pubmed
- 5. Rouviere H. Anatomy of the Human Lymphatic System: A Compendium. (1938). ISBN: 0598832173.