Revision 42 for 'Sandbox (test page)'

All Revisions - View changeset

Sandbox (test page)

Feel free to edit this page however you want, if you want to just play and see how editing works. 

 

 

 

Cogan’s syndrome (CS) is the combination of episodic attacks of interstitial keratitis and audiovestibular disturbance due to autoimmune reaction to the eyes and the audiovestibular structures.

 

Epidemiology

CS is a rare disorder that can occur in people of any age and race, and it most frequently starts in young adults in their late 20’s or early 30’s.

 

Clinical presentation

Inflammation of the eyes

audiovestibular dysfunction

  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • tinnitus
  • vertigo
  • hearing loss

Later on:

  • fatigue
  • headaches
  • joint pains
  • rashes

Hearing loss progresses for 1 to 3 months and deafness occurs in about 60% of patients.

Auditory symptoms can precede or follow eye disease, usually within a short period of time.

Atypical Cogan's syndrome (audiovestibular dysfunction with other types of inflammatory eye disease) is associated with vasculitis in 20% of cases and has a less favourable prognosis than typical Cogan's syndrome.

 

Pathophysiology

autoimmune reaction to the eyes and the audiovestibular structures possibly triggered by upper respiratory infection.

 

 

Subheadings

  • bullets
  • more bullets test
  • more bullets
  1. Testing number subheadings

Capitalization

  • words after bullets should not be capitalized unless they represent a name, e.g. Churg-Strauss syndrome will have "C" and "S" as capitals.

Citation

When citing the reference from the text:

  • use a superscript reference 1
  • add a space between the text and the reference, e.g.
    • correct method: abcdefgh ref
    • wrong method: abcdefghref
  • if it is at the end of a sentence, it should be before the full-stop (period), e.g.
    • correct method: abcdefgh ref.
    • wrong method: abcdefgh. ref
  • if it precedes a list, it should be before the colon, e.g.
    • correct method: abcdefgh ref:
    • wrong method: abcdefgh: ref

Links

Useful symbols

≥   ≤  ÷  ∞  β  ∑  ±  π  µ

See also

 

Updating… Please wait.

 Unable to process the form. Check for errors and try again.

 Thank you for updating your details.