Splenic artery

The splenic artery is one of three branches celiac trunk and supplies the spleen as well as large parts of the stomach and pancreas.

The splenic artery is one of the terminal branches of the celiac trunk, passing from the celiac axis toward the splenic hilum, traveling to the left across the left crus of diaphragm and left psoas muscle. It is a tortuous artery, running superiorly to the pancreas with the splenic vein inferoposteriorly before turning forward into the splenorenal ligament to the hilum of the spleen.

Near the splenic hilum the splenic artery divides into superior and inferior terminal branches, with each terminal branch further dividing into four to six intrasplenic segmental branches. 

  • separate origin from the abdominal aorta rather than the celiac trunk (~8%)
Anatomy: Abdominopelvic
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Article information

rID: 5169
Section: Anatomy
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:

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Cases and figures

  • Figure 1: annotated angiogram
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  • Case 1: separate origin from the abdominal aorta
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