What are the most common causes of cauda equina syndrome?
Causes of cauda equina syndrome include herniated lumbar discs, malignant spinal tumours, malignant vertebral tumours, vertebral fractures or infections. Congenital causes of cauda equina syndrome have also been described such as AV malformation.
L2/3 discitis with localised prevertebral, psoas and anterior epidural involvement.
Destruction of the L3 superior endplate, with L3 vertebral body height now approximately 50% of normal. Abnormal enhancing prevertebral soft tissue at the level of the L2/3 and also abnormal epidural soft tissue at L2/3 which compresses the thecal sac and cauda equina. The urinary bladder is distended.