Items tagged “sports medicine”

49 results found
Article

Fatigue fracture

Fatigue fractures (also known as overuse fractures) are a type of stress fracture due to abnormal stresses on normal bone. They should not be confused with an insufficiency fracture, which occurs due to normal stresses on abnormal bone. Plain radiographs typically demonstrate a linear sclerotic ...
Article

Tendon pathology

A number of processes can cause tendon pathology and there is a discrepancy in terminology reflecting the unclear pathophysiology.  Terminology tendinopathy: general umbrella term for pain and swelling of a tendon 2,3 tendinitis previously popular term largely replaced by tendinopathy 3 now...
Article

Intersection syndrome

Intersection syndrome is an overuse tenosynovitis that occurs around the intersection of the first extensor compartment (abductor pollicis longus and extensor pollicis brevis) and second extensor compartment (extensor carpi radialis longus and extensor carpi radialis brevis) within the forearm. ...
Article

Medial tibial stress syndrome

Medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS), also known as shin splints, describes a spectrum of stress injury that occurs at the medial tibia. This term is often used to indicate any type of tibial stress injury or the earlier manifestations of a tibial stress lesion before a fracture component can be...
Article

Distal intersection syndrome

The distal intersection syndrome relates to tenosynovitis of the extensor pollicis longus (EPL) tendon (3rd extensor compartment), where it crosses the extensor carpi radialis longus (ECRL) and brevis (ECRB) tendons (2nd extensor compartment) 1. It is distinct from intersection syndrome which oc...
Case

Bull's eye sign of rectus femoris injury

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Prashant Gupta
Published 03 Feb 2012
95% complete
MRI
Article

Radiographic evaluation of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction

Radiographic evaluation of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction involves: femoral component a line is drawn along the posterior cortex of the femur a second line is drawn along the roof of the intercondylar notch of the femur (Blumensaat line) the point of intersection of these tw...
Article

Pronator teres syndrome

Pronator teres syndrome (also called pronator syndrome) is one of three common median nerve entrapment syndromes; the other two being anterior interosseous nerve syndrome and the far more common carpal tunnel syndrome. Signs and symptoms result from compression of the median nerve in the upper f...
Article

Semimembranosus distal tendon avulsion

Semimembranosus distal tendon avulsion is a specific type of hamstring avulsion injury that can occur in the knee.  Pathology External rotation and abduction of the flexed knee or valgus force applied to the tibia. Associated injuries include anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture, posterior...
Article

Delayed onset muscle soreness

Delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) refers to the muscular pain and swelling that follows unaccustomed exertion. Clinical presentation Patients may have an ache in affected muscles with reduced strength 4. Pathology DOMS is thought to occur from reversible microstructural muscle injury that...
Case

Rectus femoris muscle contusion

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Maulik S Patel
Published 03 Feb 2016
79% complete
Ultrasound
Article

Snapping iliopsoas tendon

Snapping iliopsoas tendon is one of the external causes of a medial snapping hip and occurs when a portion of the iliopsoas tendon moves abruptly onto the superior pubic ramus leading to a snap.  Epidemiology Most commonly affects athletes with repeated hip abduction (e.g. dancing, gymnastics,...
Case

Pubic ramus stress fracture

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Andrew Dixon
Published 09 Aug 2016
89% complete
MRI
Case

Athletic pubalgia

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr. Mandakini Siwach
Published 23 May 2017
75% complete
MRI
Article

Iliopsoas bursitis

Iliopsoas bursitis usually presents as non-specific anterior hip pain and can be due to a number of causes. Pathology Iliopsoas bursitis can occur primarily, e.g. secondary to a snapping iliopsoas tendon or post hip arthroplasty. The iliopsoas bursa frequently communicates with the hip joint a...
Case

Bowler's thumb

 Diagnosis certain
Leanne Yuanci Lin
Published 14 Sep 2018
89% complete
Annotated imageMRIX-ray
Article

Athlete heart syndrome

Athlete heart syndrome refers to adaptations in both cardiac structure and function seen in people engaged in high-performance and endurance physical exercise. Epidemiology The prevalence of the condition has increased due to the increased popularity of recreational exercise, approx 3.6/100,00...
Article

British Athletics muscle injury classification

The British Athletics muscle injury classification (BAMIC/BAC) is a five-point MRI-based system that is based on extent and site. It has been primarily based on hamstring injuries but is used in other muscle injuries. The classification system has been shown to have moderate inter- and intra-rat...
Case

Hamstring injury - BAC grade 1b

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Henry Knipe
Published 30 Dec 2018
92% complete
MRI
Case

Quadriceps injury - grade 2a

Dr Henry Knipe
Published 30 Dec 2018
62% complete
MRI

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